In Doe v. Chao, the U.S. Supreme Court agreed with Judge Glen Williams of the W.D. Va. and disagreed with the majority decision of Judges Karen Williams and Luttig of the Fourth Circuit (with Judge Michael concurring in part), in holding that there is no statutory damages claim for violation of the federal Privacy Act without proof of actual damages.
The transcript of oral argument is here. Thanks to Howard Bashman for this post about the case. SCOTUSblog has this post about the case.