Friday, June 22, 2012

On transfer orders

I have been studying venue motions in state court lately.

One question is, what if the transferor court got it wrong, is it possible to file a motion to reconsider?

The answer from most places is yes, the transferor court still has the power to reconsider the transfer order even after it has been entered, at least until the transferee court takes jurisdiction of the case.

But when does the transferee court take jurisdiction?

The answer from most places is, when the transferee court gets the file and dockets the case. There do not seem to be any Virginia cases on point.

Can a transfer order be appealed?

The answer to whether the transfer order is appealable is mixed, perhaps because some courts have more liberal rules about the appeal of interlocutory orders than others. Notionally, a transfer order leaves the whole case to be decided, and so it seems unlikely that it would ever be considered a "final" order. See Ferguson v. Carson, 235 S.W.3d 607 (Mo. App. 2007); State ex rel. Lyons v. Zaleski, 75 Ohio St.3d 623, 665 N.E.2d 212 (1996). Even so, in some places it is considered final, in the limited sense that the transferor court is through with the case. See DiNapoli v. Kent Island, LLC, 203 Md.App. 452, 38 A.3d 509 (2012).

The closest Virginia cases deal with transfer of cases from the law side to the equity side, and remarkably there is a case or two that says the transfer from one side of the court to the other is an appealable order, even if it is not final. The continuing validity of these precedents is suspect.

More on the new judges

The Bristol paper had this article on the investiture of Judges McKinney and Simmons. Next week is the same again for Judge Johnson in Circuit Court.